two constituent parts of the Lisbon Treaty, which came into force on 1 December Treaty on European Union, TEU and the Treaty on the Functioning of the. After the Treaty of Lisbon’s implementation on 1 December the / pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf#search=%22europe% Maastricht treaty and and filetype pdf community with a view to. Treaty of lisbon in force since 1 dec reform treaty with institutional innovations draft treaty.
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This fact sheet presents the background and essential provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon. The objective is to provide a historical context for the emergence of this latest fundamental EU text from those which came before it. The specific provisions with article references and their effects on European Union policies are explained in more detail in the fact sheets dealing with particular policies and issues.
Objectives and legal principles. The Union takes the place of the Community and is its legal successor. The Lisbon Treaty does not create state-like Union symbols like a flag or an anthem. Although the new text is hence no longer a constitutional treaty by name, it flletype most of the substantial achievements.
No additional exclusive competences are transferred to the Union by the Lisbon Treaty. A higher level of parliamentary scrutiny and democratic accountability is therefore attained.
The Lisbon Treaty for the first time clarifies the powers of the Union. It distinguishes three types of competences: Union competences can now be handed back to the Member States in the course of a treaty revision. The Lisbon Treaty gives the EU full legal personality.
Therefore, the Union obtains the ability to sign international treaties in the areas of its attributed powers or to join an international organisation. Member States may only sign international agreements that are compatible with EU law.
The Treaty of Lisbon completes the absorption of the remaining third pillar aspects of the area of freedom, security and justice FSJi. The former intergovernmental structure ceases to exist, as the acts adopted in this area are now made subject to the ordinary legislative procedure qualified majority and codecisionusing the legal instruments of the Community method regulations, directives and decisions unless otherwise specified.
With the Treaty of Lisbon in force, the European Parliament is able to propose amendments to the Treaties, as was already the case for the Council, a Member State government or the Commission.
An IGC could then be convened to determine amendments to the Treaties by common accord. The revision would then be adopted as a decision of the European Council, but might remain subject to national ratification rules. Enhanced democracy and better protection of fundamental rights.
The Treaty of Lisbon expresses the three fundamental principles of democratic equality, representative democracy and participatory democracy. This allows not only states but also an international organisation, i. Further negotiations will be necessary before accession can take place. A new institutional set-up. The new budgetary procedure creates full parity between Parliament and the Council for approval of the annual budget.
The multiannual financial framework has to be agreed by Parliament. The EP now elects the President of the Commission by a majority of its members on a proposal from the European Council, which is obliged to select a candidate by qualified majority, taking into account the outcome of the European elections. The EP continues to approve the Commission as a college. The European Council has no legislative functions. The President also represents the Union externally, without prejudice to the duties of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy see below.
Lisbon maintains the principle of double majority voting citizens and Member States. To block legislation, at least four Member States have to vote against a proposal.
Treaty of Lisbon – Wikipedia
The Council meets in public when it deliberates and fileype on a draft legislative act. To this end, each Council meeting is divided into two parts, dealing respectively with legislative acts and non-legislative activities.
Since the President of the Commission is now chosen and elected taking into account the outcome of the European elections, the political legitimacy of the office is increased. The President is responsible for the kisbon organisation of the college appointment of commissioners, distribution of portfolios, requests to resign under particular circumstances.
The Court of Justice of the European Union. Access to the Court is facilitated for individuals. Lisbln efficient and democratic policy-making with new policies and new competencies. In areas where the Union has no exclusive powers, at least nine Member States can establish enhanced cooperation among themselves. Authorisation for its use must be granted by the Filetye after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament.
On CFSP matters, unanimity applies. The Lisbon Treaty considerably strengthens the principle of subsidiarity by involving the national parliaments in the decision-making process treay. A certain number of new or extended policies have been introduced in environment policy, which now includes the fight against climate change, and energy policy, which makes new references to solidarity and the security and interconnectivity of supply.
Furthermore, intellectual property rights, sport, space, tourism, civil protection and administrative cooperation are now possible subjects of EU law-making. On the common security and defence policy CSDP 5.
A solidarity clause provides that the Union and each of its Member States have to provide assistance by all possible means to a Member State affected by a human or natural catastrophe or by a terrorist attack. Almost a decade after the fileetype of the Lisbon Treaty, Parliament acknowledged that some of its provisions were not being exploited to the fullest. On the same day, it adopted a resolution on the possible evolution of and adjustments to the current institutional set-up of the European Unionsuggesting concrete lisbkn for treaty reforms.
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Treaty of Lisbon
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