CASE NO.: Writ Petition (civil) of PETITIONER: Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru and Ors RESPONDENT: State of Kerala and Anr DATE OF. The judgment in Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala, whose 40th Exactly forty years ago, on April 24, , Chief Justice Sikri and The case of Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala (Kesavananda . What the Supreme Court faced in was a struggle for supremacy.

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Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala – Wikipedia

The Constitution indicates three modes of amendments and assuming that the provisions of Article confer power on Parliament to amend the Constitution, it will still have to be considered whether as long as the preamble stands unamended, that power can be exercised with respect to any of the basic features of the Constitution.

The provisional Parliament is competent to exercise the power of amending the Constitution under Article On the other hand it must often be difficult to say that any terms are clear and unambiguous until they have been studied in their context.

The Supreme Court on appeal declared the conviction and orders made against him null and inoperative on the ground ksavananda the persons composing the Tribunal were not validly appointed to the Tribunal. A shocking attempt was made by Chief Justice Ray to review the Kesavananda Bharati decision by constituting another Bench of 13 judges.

The effect of the Twenty-ninth Amendment of the Constitution was that it inserted the kesavanamda Acts in the Ninth Schedule to the Constitution:.

The judgment in Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala, whose 40th anniversary falls today, was crucial in upholding the supremacy of the Constitution and preventing authoritarian rule by a single party Exactly forty years ago, on April 24,Chief Justice Sikri and 12 judges of the Supreme Court assembled to deliver the most important judgment in its history.

Thornton on “Legislative Drafting”-p. Here the word “amendment” has a narrower meaning. Text Books at Sapna Online. Retrieved 8 December But in the one case, this involves an addition to what is expressed: This Court has in numerous decisions implied similar powers.

Held that the word ‘amendment’ was used in the sense of permitting a change, in contradistinction to destruction, which the repeal or abrogation brings about. This appears from the following brief survey of the history of the framing of the Kesavxnanda extracted from the Framing of India’s Constitution A study by B.


In other words, could Parliament alter, amend, abrogate any part of the Constitution even to the extent of taking away all fundamental rights?

The next passage, a part of which I have already extracted, which deals with the difference between McCawley’s case and Ranasinghe’s [] A. The Supreme Court reviewed the decision in Golaknath v. 19733 implications arising from the existence of the States as parts of the Commonwealth and as constituents of the federation may restrict the manner in which the Parliament can lawfully exercise its power to make laws with respect to a particular subject-matter.

It is in that spirit hharati I venture to place this Resolution before the House and it is in that spirit that I trust the House will receive it and ultimately pass it. We think that the rights described as fundamental rights are a necessary consequence of the declaration in the preamble that the people of India have solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens justice, social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and of opportunity.

In construing the expression “amendment of this Constitution I must look at the whole scheme of the Constitution. Mukherjee and Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud. Held that the Constitution of India which is essentially a social rather than a political document, kesavwnanda founded on a social philosophy and as such has two main features basic and circumstantial.

In a major embarrassment to Ray, it was revealed that no one had filed a review petition. It gives the latest view of that Court on the subject.

Refresh If you already turned off the Ad Blocker. The petitioner then moved an application for urging additional grounds and for amendment of the writ petition in order to challenge the above Constitutional amendments.

Kesavananda Bharati

Pedrick Ranasinghe [] A. The Constitution has been described as the federal compact, and the construction must hold a balance between all its parts”. Assembly resist the persistent efforts of Shri B. The method of construing statutes that I prefer is not to take particular words and attribute to them a sort of prima facie meaning which you may have to displace or modify.

Article enables the President by order to make exceptions and modifications in the provisions of Article to It seems to me that the Preamble of our Constitution is of extreme importance and the Constitution should be read and interpreted in the light of the grand and noble vision expressed in the Preamble. Here, all the three words are used giving a comprehensive meaning. Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, trade, commerce and intercourse throughout the territory of India shall be free Article Some of the directive principles are of great fundamental importance in the governance of the country.


Above all, it formulated a solemn and dignified preamble which appears to be an epitome of the basic features of the Constitution. This objective has been, to a large extent, carried out without infringing the fundamental rights. Fourthly, in any case Article is a complete code in itself and does not provide for any amendment being made in the bill after it has been introduced in the House.

Of course whether or not a law promotes peace, order and good government is for the Parliament, not for a court, to decide.

Ambedkar show that he did not regard the fundamental rights as amendable. Article 38 provides that “the State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life. No other Constitution in the world is like ours.

How was this Bench then constituted? Seervai relied on the portion within brackets of the following passage at pp. Article 50 directs that the State kezavananda take vharati to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State. It first describes the expression “the State” to include “the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India.

There the legislature, having full power to make laws by a majority, except upon one subject that was not in question, passed a law which conflicted with one of the existing terms of its Constitution Act.