KERATINOPHILIC FUNGI KERALA PDF

Abstract. One hundred and fifty-eight soil samples were collected from various areas of four districts of Kerala and screened for prevalence of keratinophilic fungi. This chapter discusses the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in different habitats Deshmukh and Verekar b), Kerala (Deshmukh b), the Andamans. Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India). Deshmukh SK(1). Author information: (1)Dept. of Natural Products, Quest Institute of.

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Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

These areas potentially have a high risk for causing cutaneous fungal infections in humans and animals and could be considered as a source of these infections. Introduction Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth. Since then studies on the isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil have been investigated throughout the world [ 4 — 7 ].

Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin merala they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth.

Sterile Petri dishes were half filled with the soil samples and moistened with water and baited with keratin by burying sterile human hairs in the soil.

It is reported from Indian soils [ 262930 ]. Seventy-one isolates were recovered and identified. For phylogenetic tree construction, multiple sequences were obtained from GenBank and the alignments were performed using MEGA6 [ 16 ].

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Anamorphic state of Uncinocarpus queenslandicus i. Our findings confirm the presence of keratinophilic and related dermatophytes in the soils of Vidarbha region.

The Phylogenetic tree indicates different clusters for each isolate showing their sequence variation. One hundred and fifty samples were collected from eleven districts fhngi Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation.

The other species of Chrysosporium isolated were Chrysosporium evolceanui 2. The sequences of the ITS For example, Chrysosporium zonatum was reported to cause disseminated infection in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease [ 48 ]. A Guide to Methods and ApplicationsM. There was considerable difference in the sequence data of the thirteen strains analyzed. Gymnoascoideus petalosporus was previously recorded from Chilka Lake soil [ 35 ], soils from Vedanthangal Water Bird Sanctuary [ 20 ], and soils of Orissa [ 33 ].

View at Google Scholar J. We also encountered Arthroderma sp. Sites of collection of soil samples in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. A Guide to Methods and ApplicationsA.

Journal of Mycology

This study indicates that the soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra may be significant reservoirs of certain keratinophilic fungi. There are some reports of occurrence of keratinophilic fungi from various parts of Maharashtra [ 40475556 ], but to best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report on incidence of keratinophilic fungi from Vidarbha region.

Some of these fungi are well-known dermatophytes and are known to cause superficial cutaneous infections dermatophytoses of keratinized tissues skin, hair, and nails of humans and animals.

Gymnascella hyalinospora was reported from Indian soils by Singh and Kushwaha [ 32 ] and Deshmukh [ 34 ]. Thus, these fungi may be regarded as opportunistic pathogens. We therefore undertook this study and report the results obtained. Distribution of soil samples examined of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra India.

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Chrysosporium tropicum was next to M. Mycotic infection is reported throughout the world, and it is extremely contagious [ 2 ]. The authors declare kerainophilic there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Keratihophilic at Google Scholar E. Plant Sciencesvol. View at Google Scholar R.

The samples were collected from forest land, cultivated land, road side, public gardens, poultry farm, cattle farm, funggi, and lake side. Gymnascella dankaliensis was reported from superficial infections in human beings [ 52 ] and Iwen et al.

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

It appears from this study that a rich variety of keratinophilic fungal flora exists in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra which may be attributed to the climatic and environmental conditions such as the soil type, vegetation, fauna, and human habitations. Microsporum gypseum complex was found next to C.

View at Google Scholar C. They reveal that out of samples only 71 yielded keratinophilic fungi that can be categorized in thirteen species of eight genera, namely, Auxarthron conjugatum 2. Numbers at the respective nodes are percentage of bootstrap replicates.

Human hairs from a years-old male were used.