Mackie begins the article by saying that he thinks that all the arguments for God’s “God is omnipotent; God is wholly good; and yet evil exists. (12) If evil and suffering exist, then God is either not omnipotent, not omniscient, .. such as Anthony Flew and J. L. Mackie have argued that an omnipotent God. IV.—EVIL AND OMNIPOTENCE. By J. L. MACKIE. THE traditional arguments for the existence of God have been fairly thoroughly criticised by philosophers.

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Since the situation described by MSR2 is clearly possible, it appears that it successfully rebuts the logical problem of evil as it pertains to natural evil.

ex-apologist: Notes on Mackie’s “Evil and Omnipotence”

God was not, omnipogence, faced with a choice between making innocent automata and making beings who, in acting freely, would sometimes go wrong: Progressive universe with a gradual overcoming of evil by good is really a better world than a world with static eternal unchallenged supremacy of good. Tragedy and Redress in Western Literature: References Clark, Kelly James.

If God eliminated the evil, he would have to eliminate the greater good as well. What might God’s reason be for allowing evil and suffering to occur?

Evil is a problem, for the theist, in that a contradiction is involved in the fact of evil on the one hand and maxkie in the omnipotence and omniscience of God on the other. Even though it is widely agreed that Plantinga’s Free Will Defense describes a state of affairs that is logically possible, some of the details of his defense seem to conflict with important theistic doctrines.


Logical Problem of Evil

The Case for Faith: Erik Wielenberg – – Faith and Philosophy 17 1: On Evil and Omnipotence. Putting God outside of time solves paradox. Is a wrong free act not really evil, because the freedom is a value that outweighs is wrongness? Instead, Hick claims that human beings are unfinished and in the midst of being made all that God intended them to be. It is important to note that MSR1 directly conflicts with a common assumption about what kind of world God could have created.

Because free will, though it makes evil possible, is also the only thing that makes possible any love or goodness or joy worth having. Plantinga’s Free Will Defense, then, cannot serve as a pmnipotence sufficient reason for God’s allowing disease and natural disasters. However, I’m not omnipoetnce so confident that they’ve been defeated. God has obviously not causally determined people in every situation to choose what is right and to avoid what is wrong because there would be no evil or suffering if he had.

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J. L. Mackie, Evil and omnipotence – PhilPapers

Request removal from index. Existence of pain and disease evip possible sympathy, benevolence, heroism, and struggle to overcome these evils. And the same if for good to exist some evil must also exist. Most users should sign in with their email address. Jones’ infant daughter against polio, you would no longer view Mrs.


According to Plantinga, libertarian free will is a morally significant kind of free will. But if it is possible for God to possess morally significant freedom and for him to be unable to do wrong, then W 3 once again appears to be possible after all.

Evil, Omnipotence and Time. Here is a possible reason God might have for allowing natural evil:. In fact, this is precisely the message that many philosophers took away from the debate between Plantinga and the defenders of the logical problem of evil. Regardless of the details of these alternatives, the fact remains that all they need to do in order to rebut the logical problem of evil is to describe a logically possible way that God and evil can co-exist.

And if God and his actions are not in time, can omnipotence or power of any sort be meaningfully ascribed to him? Plantinga claims that if someone is incapable of doing evil, that person cannot have morally significant free will.

But then good and evil are not opposed; good does not try to eliminate evil as much as it can, but instead requires it. Atheist philosophers such as Anthony Flew and J.