therapy; Case reports. RESUMO. Relatar um caso de sobrecarga de ferro secundária à xerocitose, . revealing hemosiderosis. She denied a similar family . Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a very rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent or chronic hemorrhage and accumulation of. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare clinical entity characterized by recurrent episodes of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. The disease–also called.

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Two Sisters with Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis.

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPH is a rare cause of diffuse secundafia hemorrhage with unknown etiology. In the present report, the presentations of two sisters are described: Both cases had quite unusual presentations. The first patient was 23 years of age, and had suffered from dry cough and progressive dyspnea for four years.

Her chest radiography revealed diffuse infiltration. She died secundariaa to respiratory failure. The second patient was 18 years of age. She had also suffered from dry cough and gradually increasing dyspnea for two years. She had partial pneumothorax in the right lung and diffuse infiltration in other pulmonary fields on chest radiography.

IPH was diagnosed by open lung biopsy. All these findings suggested that familial or allergic factors, hemosiverosis well as immunological factors, might have contributed to the etiology of IPH.

Alveoli are an answer to anemia. Full Text Available Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPH is a rare disorder triad of iron-deficiency anemia, hemoptysis, and alveolar infiltrates.

A 3-year-old male presented with mild fever, breathlessness, dry cough, and bluish nail discoloration for 8 days.

He had required five blood transfusions in the past 1 year last transfusion was given 4 months ago. Respiratory system examination was normal. Several previous reports of hemoglobin were as low as 3. There were transient increases in secuncaria hemoglobin and normalization of red cell morphology with blood transfusions. The chest radiograph revealed symmetrical patchy infiltrates sparing lung apices confirmed on high-resolution computed tomography.


Secundarka biopsy diagnosed pulmonary hemosiderosis interstitial lung disease with hemosiderin-laden macrophages scattered in the alveoli and areas of fibrosis in the alveolar septa. The patient showed marked clinical improvement in 10 days of therapy with prednisolone. IPH should be listed in the differential diagnosis of a child presenting with unexplained hypochromic, microcytic anemia and respiratory symptoms. Full Text Available Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPH is a rare complex entity characterized clinically by acute or recurrent episodes of hemoptysis secondary to diffuse alveolar hemorrhage.

The radiographic features are variable, including diffuse alveolar-type infiltrates, and interstitial reticular and micronodular patterns.

We describe a 3-week-old infant presenting with hemoptysis and moderate respiratory distress. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis was the first working diagnosis at the Emergency Department and was confirmed, 2 weeks later, by histological studies bronchoalveolar lavage. The diagnosis of idiopathic hemoskderosis hemosiderosis should be evocated at any age, even in the neonate, when the clinical presentation hemoptysis and abnormal radiological ehmosiderosis images is strongly suggestive.

Use of sodium chromate Cr51 in diagnosing childhood idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPH may be elusive. A 6-year-old boy had microcytic hypochromic anemia and a hemolytic component. Hemosiderin-laden macrophages were not found in the gastric aspirate.


He had no pulmonary signs or symptoms. Extensive hematologic and roentgenologic investigations failed to reveal the cause of the anemia. The half-life of the RBCs was moderately decreased half-life, 15 days; normal, 25 to 35 days.

An open-lung biopsy spece Cr An open-lung biopsy specimen confirmed the diagnosis of IPH. A diagnosis of IPH should be considered when children have iron deficiency anemia and pulmonary signs or symptoms. Organ sequestration studies may be helpful in equivocal cases. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPH is a rare disease characterized by the triad of hemoptysis, pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph, and anemia.

Its diagnosis should be considered in any child presenting with moderate to severe anemia and failure to thrive of unclear etiology.


Consideration of the differential diagnosis in such a child should include the review of hemosideroosis extravascular and intravascular causes hemoeiderosis hemolysis. Systemic treatment of IPH with glucocorticoids has been shown to decrease morbidity, mortality, and disease progression to pulmonary fibrosis. Thus, diagnostic delays can impact prognosis. Here, we present a case of a month-old boy with IPH who presented with anemia, jaundice, and failure to thrive, as well as a history of hemoptysis that was not initially elicited.

It is characterized by triad of hemoptysis, anemia, and alveolar opacity on radiology. Though it is a disease primarily affecting children, we hereby report a case of IPH in an adult patient who responded dramatically to oral corticosteroid. A young man with hemoptysis: Rare association of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosisceliac disease and dilated cardiomyopathy.

Herein, we discuss a case of hemoptysis, who had IPH and other rare associations. A year-old man presented with recurrent hemoptysis, generalized weakness and progressive dyspnea for 3 years. Earlier, he was diagnosed with anemia and was treated with blood transfusions and hematinics.

On examination he had pallor, tachycardia and was underweight. Investigations revealed low level of hemoglobin 7. An electrocardiography ECG showed sinus tachycardia, interventricular conduction delay and T-wave inversion. Echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy with left ventricular dysfunction.

Computed tomography of the chest demonstrated bilateral diffuse ground glass opacity suggestive of pulmonary hemorrhage. Pulmonary function tests showed hemosideerosis pattern with increased carbon monoxide diffusion. Bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy showed hemosiderin-laden macrophages.

Patient could recall recurrent episodes of diarrhea in childhood. Serum antitissue transglutamase antibodies were raised Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosisa disease of unknown etiology most often occuring in children, is characterized by recurring episodes of alveolar consolidation.

Exacerbations of pulmonary hemorrhage coincide with episodes of alveolar filling; repeated episodes lead to progressive interstitial fibrosis and eventually to corpulmonale. Serial nuclear scans of the lungs after injection of radiolabeled red blood cells should parallel the pathologic and radiographic findings. We observed the accumulation of radiolabeled red blood cells in the lungs on scan images, a finding not previously reported.

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPH, the main cause of pulmonary hemosiderosis in children, is characterized by intermittent alveolar bleeding and hemosiderin-laden macrophages in sputum and in gastric lavage.

The treatment is based on corticosteroids and cytotoxic drugs, under special conditions. We describe the case of a hempsiderosis girl with IPH who achieved partial clinical remission with high doses of corticosteroids. However, the treatment had to be secundarla because the patient developed Cushing’s syndrome. Treatment was started with an azathioprine-corticosteroid combination and then changed to azathioprine alone, which was maintained for four years, with excellent results.


Pulmonary hemosiderosis due to mitral valvular heart disease. College of Medicine, Seoul Korea, Republic of. We report a case of biopsy-proven secondary hemosiderosis of the lung in a year-old patient with mitral valvular heart disease.

Both chest radiography and high-resolution CT demonstrated patchy areas of ground-glass opacity ; the former secnudaria that it was in both lungs, while the latter showed inter-and intralobular septal thickening. These findings were reversible when pulmonary venous hypertension was corrected. Celiac disease and pulmonary hemosiderosis in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease. Hartl, Dominik; Belohradsky, Bernd H. We report on a patient with the hitherto undescribed combination of chronic granulomatous disease, pulmonary hemosiderosisand celiac disease.

The hemosiderosis resolved with a gluten-free diet and glucocorticosteroid pulse therapy, but the restrictive lung function pattern remained unchanged. Increased IgD milk antibody responses in secubdaria patient with Down’s syndrome, pulmonary hemosiderosis and cor pulmonale. IgD antibody responses to cow’s milk were investigated in a two-year-old black boy with evidence of pulmonary hemosiderosis and pulmonary hypertension.

Initially a broad spectrum of immunologic responses to cow’s milk were observed including IgD, IgE, and precipitin antibodies.

Specific IgD antibody responses to cow’s milk could be modulated in terms of challenge or elimination and correlated with the clinical course.

Seccundaria is possible that IgD antibodies may be important in milk-related pulmonary hemosiderosis. Successful treatment of idiopathic pulmonary capillaritis with intravenous cyclophosphamide.

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis IPHa subtype of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is a rare condition, first described by Virchow in Historically, it manifests hemmosiderosis children in the first decade of life with the combination of hemoptysis, iron deficiency anemia, and alveolar infiltrates on chest radiograph.

More recently, diffuse hemosiedrosis hemorrhage has been classified by the absence or presence of pulmonary capillaritis Hemoziderosisthe latter carrying a potential for a poorer outcome. While systemic corticosteroids remain the first line treatment option, other immune modulators have been trailed including hydroxychloroquine, azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, and cyclophosphamide with varying results.

Our case demonstrates for the first time, the successful use of intravenous cyclophosphamide in the management of chronic idiopathic Secuncaria. Its aetiology is unknown, but probably comprises the action of endogenous and exogenous micro-environmental factors in subjects with genetic predisposition.

Its diagnosis is based on the presence of characteristic findings of high-resolution computed tomography scans and hemosidrrosis biopsies in absence of interstitial lung diseases of other aetiologies. Its clinical evolution is variable, although the mean survival rate is years as of its clinical presentation. Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis may present complications and comorbidities which modify the disease’s clinical course and prognosis.

In the mild-moderate disease, the treatment consists of the administration of anti-fibrotic drugs. In severe disease, the best therapeutic option is pulmonary transplantation. In this paper we review the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of the disease. Full Text Available Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis IPF is a non-neoplastic pulmonary disease that is characterized by the formation of scar tissue within the lungs in the absence of any known provocation.