English: The Codex Borbonicus is an aztec codex held at the library of the Français: Le Codex Borbonicus est un codex aztèque conservé à. The Codex Borbonicus is thought to be the only one whose style matches the pre -Conquest Náhuatl style, nevertheless it is considered to be a colonial copy. Alongside the Codex Borbonicus and Codex Magliabechiano, there were several Aztec codices produced around the time of the Spanish conquest. Some were.

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It now remains to discuss the meaning of the pictures which fill the centres of the two pages. The day-signs cldex not the usual twenty but a repetition of four, Tochtli, Acatl, Tecpatl and Calli The sequence is numerical, we find the numbers One to Thirteen four times over on the two pages, fifty two in all.

The only picture in the whole codex which represents the sequence of a ceremony is that of the Toxiuhmol- pia 2, the New Fire Ceremony. There are occasional errors in the Spanish comments, notably on pages 21 and 22 wich are described by the commentator as months.

Each of these groups is dominated by a picture of the gods and fortunes of the period, and each day is norbonicus between the open arms of its apropriate Lord of the night. In the surround of year-bearer days the dominant figure among the Lords of the Night is the lady Chalchihuitlicue, on three out of the four sides of the square of year-bearer-day names. We have the last half of the ceremonial bundle of years in which Quetzalcoatl, the god of both fertility and priesthood, is contrasted with the motionless and final Centre under the rule of Xiutecuhtli.


One must suppose that this specifies the luck of the coming year, which is blessed by its own individual god as Lord of the Night of the Year-Bearer Day. But other experts maintain that it is a copy of a pre-colonial original. It is fortuitous that each group fodex have a different dominant figure occupying positions near the centre of each side of a page, but it is not fortuitous that the frames were made round two pages and not arranged otherwise.

Codex Messicano Vaticano detto il Codice Rios. These days are correlated with the nine Lords of the Night. The original pictures all point the same way as Borbonicus, that the Lords of the Night were Lords in succession on successive days of the whole period from sunset to sunrise, just as the Borbohicus Lords ruled the second period from sunrise to sunset, one for each day in turn.

The central picture of page 22 has led to a good deal of controversy in the past because the god with the starry sky as his headdress has been variously interpreted as Tezcatlipoca or as Xiuhtecuhtli. Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. The researches of Dr. To understand this one must.

File:Codex Borbonicus (p. 4).jpg – Wikimedia Commons

Public domain Public domain false false This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published or registered with the U. But there is no proof of this and the year of its purchase by the French parliament,coincides with unrest in Latin America, which may explain why borboncius manuscript came up for sale in Europe.

This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. It is botbonicus to note here that this material presents no problems to anyone acquainted with the work of Fray Bernardino de Sahagun 1. The codex is named after the Palais Bourbon in Codx. To the Mexicans the night periods were four, when trumpets sounded in the temples to awaken the priests for prayers and penitential bloodletting.


Now only about 20 pre-Columbian Mesoamerican documents remain.

Now it must be noted that Sahagun interviewed the elder men of his time. The concept of Hours belongs to the Old World.

File:Codex Borbonicus (p. 4).jpg

They cite its size — larger than other known codices, which were designed to be portable — the grid pattern on some pages and empty spaces set aside for comments in Spanish.

From this we can see that Borbonicus deals with the fortunes of time and not with ceremonies. Chicana and Chicano Space: The commentator and his informants had obviously understood that it was dealing with time periods, but failed to recognise the nature borbonicu the monthly festivals and these two other pages.

Not what you were looking for? Writings of the Aztecs, Mixtec and Maya. We have 1 facsimile edition of the manuscript “Codex Borbonicus”: Cpdex Walter und Smital Ottokar. On this page of the Codex Borbonicus, the days of the trecena are listed around the bottom and right edges with their associated deities and birds.