Axel Honneth’s The Struggle for Recognition develops an empirically anchored theory of social conflict based on Hegel’s theory of recognition. In this book, he. Axel Honneth has produced a useful and convincing account of the “struggle for recognition.” Honneth comes from a study of Habermas rather than Kojève, but. View Axel Honneth, Honneth, the Struggle for Recognition Research Papers on for free.

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Second, it rests on a flawed theory of the social as intersubjective practices and not as structural and normative based systems of functional integration. Only if one understands redistribution in this way, that is, as a problem of recognition, can one—according to Honneth—explain why the affected experience outrage: Secondly, they can refer to the criterion of achievement which is supposed to be constitutive of capitalism—as an also cultural entity—in order to demand a more adequate remuneration of their work Honneth—; see 2.

But if this were true, the problem that was supposed to be solved only reappears again: In order to arrive at such context-sensitive laws and regulations one has to more fully include the affected groups into the process of democratic decision-making, for example, through a vitalized public sphere and formal hearings Habermas Arguably, if you recognize another person with regard to a certain feature, as an autonomous agent, for example, you do not only admit that she has this feature but you embrace a positive attitude towards her for having this feature.

Axel Honneth, Honneth, the Struggle for Recognition Research Papers –

Rather, we should distinguish between a narrow understanding of recognition based on the feature of mutuality and a wide understanding grounded in the idea of adequate regard Laitinen It hereby takes into account the fact of reasonable pluralism.

New Left Bookspp. In both cases the recognition of states presumably simply denotes a metaphorical usage. Still, given that they are human products, there is broad agreement that an institution say, a constitution can disrespect persons because institutions, besides effectively regulating behavior, always express—as well as reinforce—underlying attitudes of those who designed or keep on reproducing them.

These drives or experiences may be described, following Freud, as libidinous energies or rather as the positively connotated recollection of a state of infant omnipotence Whitebook Finally, I shall explain why the criticism formulated against the current stage of Honneth’s theory is mainly inadequate.

While I have many doubts regarding the value of what I have expressed in this paper, I do, however, wish for a future far more promising than our present and I think about the younger generations who may dream for some light in these increasingly gloomy days; the light of an enlightened human being, who is kinder, happier, fairer, healthier, and more aware. Most of those who endorse the relevance of love also stress the importance of decognition affective dimension for all subsequent forms of recognition HonnethC.


If our expectations of being recognized as X are always contingent upon the social and historical context we live in, how is moral and political progress possible at all?

Account Options Sign in. Is there an ideal for inter-human relations? Bourdieu’s social theory, for example, points to the pervasiveness of evaluative patterns and distinctions even in modern society, determining social status and class Bourdieu In each case, instances of the failure of recognition fot a kind of insult or threat stimulating a struggle to overcome the attack which in turn brings about a development in the corresponding form zxel life.

Strugyle instance, grievances regarding the distribution of goods in society are ultimately struggles for recognition. Thus, women and people of different color suffer not only from a discriminating status order, but also from an economy which is based on encoding unpaid housework and badly paid labor as female as well as auxiliary and superfluous work as colored.

Nonetheless, by highlighting the human dependency on evaluative horizons of esteem, many theories of recognition share important characteristics with communitarian approaches.

Recognition looses its power to be an intramundane practice of critique and instead becomes an ideal-typical ought that we can use impotently to reflect on the pathologies of the social. As especially fitting examples Fraser refers to groups categorized along the lines of honnwth or race. They promise to illuminate a ohnneth of new social movements—be it the struggles of ethnic or religious minorities, of gays and lesbians or of people with disabilities.

Only by being interested in sharing experiences with other autonomous beings does the child gain access to the world of meaning TomaselloHobson On the Social Theory. When it comes to the question of collective agency, there is still considerable uncertainty within the literature.

Recognition and Emancipation Struggles for recognition—that need not be fought by violent means, just think of the Indian liberation movement under Mahatma Gandhi—are supposed to effect moral progress toward ever more just or fulfilling relations of recognition.

However, the idea of group identities has been hotly contested: In this paper, I argue that the honneyh of recognition is impotent in the face of the kinds of normative power exerted by social hierarchies. For many in contemporary social and political philosophy, as well as recogniion the Frankfurt School This thought is most famously expressed in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit where this interpersonal encounter logically culminates in a struggle of life and death see esp.

Rather, she wishes to remind you, the first possessor, that she is a person with moral standing as well who has been neglected by the act of taking first possession Siep strugfle, 39; Honneth44— The Experience of Middle Australia: Her main point is, nonetheless, that in most cases of injustice we are dealing with a combination of recovnition disrespect and economic exploitation.


Acel to Honneth, social struggles may be normatively evaluated by the extent to which they provide the preconditions for self-realization in the form of three distinct types of recognition: The Making and Unmaking of the WorldOxford: In light of this criticism, Axel Honneth has insisted that the concept of recognition can be applied to questions of distributive justice, but that it is important fog properly differentiate between the dimensions of respect and esteem: Although politics might not be directly responsible for this form of recognizing concrete individuality, there are nevertheless indirect possibilities to protect and to shape its basic conditions.

Thus, Fraser categorizes different forms of injustice according to their socioeconomic roots. This relation […] might be called a relation of mutual recognition.

I begin by discussing the particular forms of social pathology and their relation to hierarchical forms of social structure that are based on domination, control and subordination. Most theories of recognition assume that in order to develop a practical identity, persons fundamentally depend on the feedback of other subjects and of society as a whole.

Axel Honneth

Therefore, some authors, especially those interested in social criticism, have proposed to use recognition as a new paradigm for Critical Theory Honnethsee also IserDeranty Some authors are not very optimistic about the prospects of emancipation through struggles of recognition. Although people might disagree with each other, toleration of the other’s dissenting opinion is then supposed to be grounded in equal respect see Forst and not only a way of grudgingly settling for a modus vivendi.

Political philosophymoral philosophy. The article reconstructs Axel Honneth’s attempt to reformulate the original recognitiom of immanent critique of the first generation of Frankfurt’s School. Exploring the Origins of ThinkingOxford: Identity in Democracy Amy Gutmann Limited preview – Only a two-dimensional theory such as the one she suggests can—according to Fraser—pay proper attention to practical conflicts between policies of redistribution and recognition.

Hegelian theories fot recognition, by contrast, embrace a more encompassing view of recognition attempting to cover all spheres of recognition within modernity. Mutuality has always served as the explanatory and normative core of the concept of recognition.