Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel This standard is issued under the fixed designation A; the number immediately. Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . Passivation per ASTM A Posted on November 29, Latest News. APT to Exhibit at SHOT Show in Las Vegas, NV. Advanced Plating.

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Precision inspection shall be performed by solvent-ring test, black light inspection, atomizer test, and ferroxyl test. Our facility is capable of handling a wide variety of projects, whether you need ATM A standards or a different type of finishing. From beautiful Pine Beach New Jersey: Specifications for passivation treatments for stainless steels Traditionally the American standards have been used.

Specific treatments are however also specified. This ensures that the surface of the workpiece is free of scale and contaminates. It therefore in no way precludes the necessity for careful planning and judgment in the selection and implementation of such procedures.

Recommended cleaning practices shall be followed for welds and weld-joint areas, specially critical applications, installed systems and post-erections. Passivation treatments are sometimes specified, but it is important to consider whether this is strictly necessary or not.

The standard also allows any combination of citric acid concentration, temperature and time, provided that the passivation test criteria can be met. The standard notes that the high carbon martensitic stainless steels, such as C, are not suitable for acid passivation as they can be attacked or be subject to hydrogen embrittlement.

Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the paasivation standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

Tests with acceptance criteria to demonstrate that the passivation procedures have been successful are listed in 7.

In addition, this standard also includes citric acid treatments. These recommendations are presented as procedures for guidance when it is recognized that for a particular service it is desired to remove surface contaminants that may impair the normal corrosion resistance, or result in the later contamination of the particular stainless steel grade, or cause product contamination.

It was at one time considered that an oxidizing treatment was necessary to establish this passive metal oxide film, but it is now accepted that passivayion film will form spontaneously in an oxygen-containing environment providing that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.


It is also quite out of date and needs to be updated. You do not need super quality water for these processes; DI or RO water will be fine. Regards, Ted Mooney, P. I think you may be thinking of ammonium hydrogen difluoride which is often used in place of hydrofluoric acid in pickle solutions. Office and Postal Address: Visual inspection is suitable for the detection of gross pwssivation, scale, rust, and particulates, but may not reveal the presence of thin films of oil or residual chemical films.

Citric acid is a less hazardous method and has environmental benefits in terms of ‘NOx’ fume emission and waste acid disposal.

Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following:. Consideration shall be given in the passivatoon of parts, equipment, and systems that will require cleaning to minimize the presence of areas in which dirt, or cleaning solutions might become trapped, and to provide for effective circulation and passivatin of cleaning solutions.

In some cases, no more than degreasing or removal of gross contamination is necessary.

Passivation of L SS per ASTM A

There are better formulations for doing what you want, however, that are available on a proprietary basis. Depending on the application, chemical descaling acid pickling as described passigation 5. This standard covers both nitric and citric acid treatments. In addition, visual inspection of internal surfaces is often impossible because of the configuration of the item.

This pasaivation is a brief summary of the referenced standard. We’ve been in the metal finishing business for over 80 years.

ASTM A380 Passivation Standard

Parts treated however must pass specific tests to confirm the effectiveness of the passivation, although in practice the tests are for the detection of the effects of residual iron contamination on the surface of the parts. I am not sure exactly what you want to do, but the citric formulations can give you increased performance over the old nitric formulations. For more specific safety precautions see 7. Nitric acid alone can be used to remove light surface iron contamination after which the acid facilitates the passivation of the cleaned steel surface.

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Stainless steels are designed to naturally self-passivate whenever a clean surface is exposed to an environment that can provide enough oxygen to form the chromium rich oxide surface layer, on which the corrosion resistance of these alloys depends. Process Class Stainless Steel Types C1 or C2 Austenitics, austenitic precipitation hardening and duplex C3 High chromium martensitics C4 Ferritics, martensitics and martensitic precipitation hardening.


Passivation of stainless steels Introduction Stainless steels are designed to naturally self-passivate whenever a clean surface is exposed to an environment that can provide enough oxygen to form the chromium rich oxide surface layer, on which the corrosion resistance of these alloys depends.

Methods are described for the detection of free passivatiion and transparent chemical and oily deposits.

ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date. I believe you must pickle the spools with an acid which contains fluoride in some form — often a standard nitric-hydrofluoric pickling acid or pickling paste, and follow this either with electropolishing or with nitric acid passivation or citric acid passivation to the standards discussed above. While the practice provides recommendations and information concerning the use of acids and other cleaning and descaling agents, it cannot encompass detailed cleaning procedures a830 specific types of equipment or installations.

Article: Passivation of stainless steels

On the other hand, some of the practices may be applicable for these purposes. Naturally occurring conditions such air or aerated water will passivatio this and so under many exposure conditions stainless steels will naturally self-passivate. This process greatly reduces the formation rust on the surface of the workpiece. In order to avoid ambiguity in the setting of passivayion, it may be necessary for the purchaser to define precisely the intended meaning of passivation.

Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation. Passivation often follows the process of pickling. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and a3880 practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.