Expert(s). Expert: Brian Kensley & Marilyn Schotte. Notes: National Museum of Natural History. Reference for: Armadillidium vulgare. Other Source(s). Source. Biology. Woodlice feed on dead organic matter, which they detect by means of taste and smell (2). During the breeding season, reproductive females develop a . Armadillidium sp.? – Armadillidium vulgare Pillbug caught in a spider web – Armadillidium vulgare Terrestrial crustacean – probably Porcellio scaber.

Author: Nijar Akiktilar
Country: Armenia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 20 December 2018
Pages: 194
PDF File Size: 3.56 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.10 Mb
ISBN: 400-1-96573-957-5
Downloads: 83178
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tygosar


The pillbug cannot move or eat, and is vulnerable to predation and dessication. It is the most extensively investigated terrestrial isopod species. Evolutionary Genetics and Environmental Stress.

To preserve their function in environments where the relative humidity is less than saturating, the outer surface of the pleopods must be kept moist Cloudsley-Thompson ; Little ; Wright and Ting Adults can live for two to five years. Woodlice remnants have been found in Dysdera silk retreats and digestive tracts.

Armadillidium vulgare – Wikipedia

bulgare From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This large pill-woodlouse to 18 mm is often uniform slate grey, but can be highly variable in colour and mottled forms are often seen.

Discussion Although the specimens of A. Food deprivation reduces growth rates, but is not as serious a threat to survival as might be assumed.

Armadillidium vulgare is able to withstand drier conditions than many other woodlouse species, and is restricted to calcareous soils or coastal areas. They are mainly beneficial in the garden or landscape, vulagre can become occasional pests if they wander indoors.


Please review our privacy policy. Armadillidium vulgarethe common pillbug, is native to the edge of the Mediterranean and has been introduced to nearly all worldwide terrestrial landmasses, with particularly dense populations in temperate climates. The pillbug is often mistakenly referred to as a sowbug, which is the common name used for other species of woodlice in the genera Oniscus and Porcellio. The pereon is divided into seven somites divisionseach of which has a pair of pereopods short walking legs protruding from it.

pillbug – Armadillidium vulgare

Lower metabolic rates during conglobation may have been caused by the restriction of gross physical movement. May be maintained by periodic fire. In a second experiment, isopods were randomly selected and isolated under the same conditions used for flowthrough respirometry.

Cuticular damage in our experiments is also a concern, but the consistent decrease in water-loss rates in all 29 individuals suggests that enforced conglobation did not cause substantial damage. During conglobation, the volume of A. Metabolic Rates The rate of CO 2 release was significantly reduced during conglobation.

Data has been compiled that indicates that A. Pillbugs were introduced from Europe and are found throughout the world as a cosmopolitan species. Ecological Society of America.

Chemical controls include insecticide armadil,idium, dust, granular, and liquid formulations Capinera Conglobation armaidllidium achieved by wrapping specimens in soft 8 mm orthodontic rubber bands GAC International, Canada that were knotted centrally to reduce their diameter Figure 1. Accessed November 26, at http: The hatched mancas remain within the marsupium for three to four days and then emerge. Water loss at known humidity In a second experiment, isopods were randomly selected and isolated under the same conditions used for flowthrough respirometry.

  EN 10246-1 PDF

After mating, female individuals exhibit a ‘refractory period’ during which further male mating attempts are rejected. To test this hypothesis, we measured rates of water loss from unconglobated free and conglobated isopods. The pleon supports two pairs of oval-shaped respiratory structures called pleopods. In other words, Central and Armadillidiym America. These possibilities were not tested directly, but the modest decline in CO 2 release suggests that conglobation does not completely block gas exchange, suggesting that anaerobic metabolism was unlikely.

Energy-dependent water vapor absorption WVA in the pleoventral cavitiy of terrestrial isopods Crustacea, Armadilidium, Oniscidea — evidence for pressure cycling as a supplement to the colligative uptake mechanism. In other words, they are born looking like miniature versions of the adult form.