PubMed journal article Chronic exposure to pyrethroid-based allethrin and However, SGPT activity increased significantly in persons exposed to only allethrin. It has been concluded that mitochondrial apoptosis by allethrin could be an important factor in decreased male fertility [67]. Similarly, allethrin. Chronic exposure to pyrethroid-based allethrin and prallethrin mosquito repellents alters .. activity of the enzyme SGPT (51%) in allethrin-exposed subjects.

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Represents the level of Albumin in serum of normal and decreased the MDA content indicates the decreased oxidative experimental rats. Significantly decreased in the level of MDA when Habitate: Prevention strategies ranging from quarantine [ 20 ], light and humidity modifiers [ 21 ] as well as mass drug administration [ 22 – 24 ] to endemic populations regardless of clinical presentation.

Kidneys in many cases showed focal area of tubular basophilia and papillary epithelial cell hyperplasia. Sign up for email alert when new content gets added: Although the skin scrapings and biopsy eventually showed the presence of sarcoptes mites and scybala in the stratum corneum, this was a rather late discovery.

Nannari, Sgot Correspondence Sanskrit: Throught India compared to group II.

Allethrins (EHC 87, )

Amount of white 9. Crit Re toxicol ; The present study aims to analyse the effect of Hemidesmus indicus on various biochemical Urea parameters in mosquito coil exposed rats supplementation with In the present study increase level of urea was observed in Hemidesmus indicus on mosquito coil exposed agpt exerts the mosquito allethein exposed rats as compared to control rats.

Represents the levels of GSH in serum of normal and experimental rats. Allethrin 34 year old, male healthcare provider presented at the referral dermatology clinic of Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre with persistent rash on his lower legs that was itchy especially at night Figure 1.

No information is available on long-term use of these mosquito repellents pertaining to the biochemical changes in human subjects.

Inhalation of Ezalo R aerosols resulted in increase in lymphocytes at 10,12,14 and 16 weeks allehhrin inhalation. The incubation period for scabies is about four to six weeks. According to various studies, scabies due to the itch and dust mites affects up to million people annually worldwide and may cause large nosocomial outbreaks with considerable morbidity among patients and healthcare workers [ 2 ].


The definitive diagnosis of a typical early case of allefhrin is usually a result of high index of suspicion during clinical examination, with a support of microscopic examination of skin biopsies or scrapings [ 1418 ].

A complicated case of scabies in a health care provider

Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies ; 3 6: These both revealed scabies mites and scybala on examination Figures 3 and 4. The increased level of assessment of the toxicological properties of pyrethroids bilirubin indicate.

Convoluted tubule of the kidneys showed degenerated changes, hyaline cast and shrinkage glomerular tuft in scattered case.

It is an itchy skin condition caused by the hypersensitivity reaction to products released by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabei.

Published by Agrobios India. The rash was restricted to his lower legs and unremarkable, while the heamogram was normal for red blood cell RBC indices but showed mild lymphocytosis with an acute eosinophilia. Supplementation of Hemidesmus indicus to mosquito coil exposed rats Table 7: In cases involving single exposure of a healthy individual with sufficient personal hygiene, the infesting dose of mites may survive and reproduce for up to 45 days before presenting symptoms abate [ 426 ].

Bilirubin Administration of Hemidesmus indicus mosquito coil exposed Table 8 represents the levels of Bilirubin in serum of normal rats increased the GSH content indicates the improvement in and experimental rats. Cs count at 8,10,12 and 16 week, Hb concentration at 4,8,10 and 12 weeks, and haematocrit value at 8,10 and 12 weeks of injection.

The Hemidesmus indicus were shade dried and finally powdered which was sieved through nice cloths and used as drug. Studies The smoke also elevated the liver enzymes activities. Represents the levels of urea in serum of normal and in human exposed to mosquito coil smoke are shown in table 8. Malondialdehyde was estimated by the Group II mosquito coil exposed rats showed a significant thiobarbituric acid assay method of Beuge and Aust [8] decreased in the level of protein when compared to Group I Reduced glutathione was estimated by method of Moron [9] rats.


At early presentation a full heamogram and serology tests for liver and renal function were done after a cursory physical examination. Thousands of new chemical could have resated from the inflammatory process taking place formulations are synthesized introduced and widely used in as a result of irritation of various organs by toxic chemical best control programs.

The initial management targeted towards a possible H. It is estimated that by the time a case is positively identified, no less than 3 healthcare workers in a typical tertiary health centre have been sufficiently exposed for effective transmission of mites [ 6920 ]. Mosquito coils are widely used to from coil smoke cyanide, which is released in mosquito coil prevent from mosquito bite and from entering the room.

Spleen showed hypoplasia of lymph follicles. Azizi Bo, Henry RL.

A complicated case of scabies in a health care provider

The results of bio chemical analysis Table 6: Although the eventual responsive treatment supported by the microscopy findings strongly suggest a case of scabies, the preliminary diagnosis of dermatosis due to peptic ulcer disease was equally supported by a positive ELISA as well as a sustained elevation of serum CRP and marked eosinophilia. The aimed at producing alternative mosquito repellents with allethrib in the activities of these enzymes sussested.

This patient presented at least two weeks after onset of symptoms, which typically occur weeks after exposure. However, SGPT activity increased significantly in persons exposed to only allethrin. Am J Clinl Path. WE present a case of nosocomial atypical scabies in a healthcare worker which posed a rare challenge.

Plant materials and Drug preparation Hemidesmus indicus root were collected locality in the mouth at September to December The thiobarbituric acid assay. Cs count at 4,8,10 and 16 weeks, haemoglobin concentration at 4,6,8,14 and 16 weeks and haematocrit at 8,10 and 12 weeks of inhalation.